The FUNdamentals

The FUNdamentals

To build the foundation for physical literacy, children need to be introduced to the FUNdamentals. These are fundamental movement skills and fundamental sport skills that children learn through FUN activities that maintain their interest end encourage their love of sport and activity.

Children won’t develop into high performance athletes or stay active with recreational activity if they don’t have physical literacy, and they won’t have physical literacy if they don’t get the FUNdamentals.

The FUNdamentals include a wide variety of fundamental movement skills and fundamental sport skills that should be learned at young ages in four different environments: earth, water, air, and snow and ice. With these basic skills, children gain the ability and confidence to practice any sport or physical activity they choose. On ice, this means that children need to learn to push, glide, turn, start, stop, jump, as well as the ability to fall safely and get back up.

Research strongly suggests that the FUNdamentals should be learned before the adolescent growth spurt begins. After the start of the growth spurt, it becomes much more difficult for the body to develop fundamental skills and the ABCs of agility, balance, coordination and speed.

Athletics, gymnastics and swimming are good sports for developing FUNdamentals. The key to learning the fundamentals is FUN. Young children learn best when the activities are fun, and having fun helps them to develop a love of physical activity and sport.

Learn more about the FUNdamentals

To choose sports that will help develop the FUNdamentals, Discover Physical Literacy

The contents of this page were prepared using information from SSC's Racing on Skates and Find Your Edge document as well as resources from Canadian Sport for Life. To learn more about the Active Start stage of development and Physical Literacy visit and